Species List by Common Name   Leave a comment

List of Salt Marsh Species by Common Name*

Animals

Acorn Worm, Saccoglossus kowaleskii Z1

Amphipod, Gammarus sp., (Sideswimmers or Scuds) Z1 ,

MP

Bacteria (Heterotrophic, Bluegreen and Purple

Photosynthetic) MP

Barnacle(Common, Rock), Semibalanus balanoides Z1

Biting Midge Larvae MP

Blood Worm, Glycera americana Z1

Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis Z1

Bread-Crumb Sponge, Halichondria panicea Z1

Ciliated Protozoan MP

Clamworm (Common), Nereis succinea Z1

Clam Worm, Nereis virens Z1

Copepods (Unidentified) MP

Dogwhelk, Nucella lapillus Z1

Dragonflies and Damselflies MP

Flagellated Protozoan MP

Flatworm (Platyhelminthes) MP

Golden Star Tunicate, Botryllus schlosseri Z1

Green Crab, Carcinus maenas Z1

Green Head, Tabanus nigrovittatus MP

Hermit Crab(Long-armed), Pagurus longicarpus Z1

Horseshoe Crab, Limulus polyphemus Z1

Hydrozoan (Obelia spp.) Z1

Isopod Z1

Mosquito Larvae MP

Mud Snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta Z1

Mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus MP

Mysid Shrimp Z1

Nematode Z1

Nudibranch, Onchidoris spp. Z1

Obelia Z1

Ostracod MP

Oyster(Eastern), Crassostrea virginica Z1

Oyster Drill, Urosalpinx cinerea Z1

Periwinkle, Littorina littorea Z1

Periwinkle (Rough), Littorina saxatilus Z2

Quahog, Mercenaria mercenaria Z1

Ribbed Mussel, Modiolus demissus Z1

Ribbon Worm, Cerebratulus lacteus Z1

Rock Crab, Cancer irroratus Z1

Rotifer (Rotifera) MP

Salt Marsh Snail, Melampus bidentatus Z1

Sand Shrimp, Crangon septemspinosus Z1

Sea Anemone (Brown), Metridium senile Z1

Sea Squirt, Molgula spp. Z1

Slipper Shell (Common), Crepidula fornicata Z1

Soft-Shell Clam, Mya arenaria Z1

Spiders PP

Springtail, Anurida maritima MP

Tunicate (Colonial), Botryllus schlosseri Z1

Water Boatman MP

Water Strider Z1

Water Scavenger Beetle Larva MP

Whelk (Common or Waved), Buccinum undatum Z1

Algae

Brown Algae (Ascophyllum nodosum Z2, Fucus

vesiculosis Z2)

Diatoms MP

Dinoflagellates MP

Green Algae (Chaetomorpha spp. MP, Cladophora spp.

MP, Z1, Enteromorpha spp. MP, Z1, Ulothrix spp. MP,

Ulva lactuca)

Irish Moss, Chondrus crispus Z1

Knotted Wrack, Ascophyllum nodosum Z2

Mermaids Hair, Chaetomorpha spp. MP, Z1

Red Algae (Chondrus crispus Z1)

Rock Weed, Fucus vesiculosis Z2

Sea Lettuce, Ulva lactuca Z1

Bacteria MP

Heterotrophic Bacteria: Spiral Shaped, Rod Shaped and

Spherical Forms MP

Bluegreen Bacteria (Blugreen Algae): Calothrix spp.,

Lyngbea spp. and Oscillatoria spp. spp. MP

Purple Photosynthetic Bacteria: Unidentified Type. MP

 

Plants

 

Arrowgrass (Northern Sea-side), Triglochin maritima, Z3

Arrowwood, Viburnum dentatum Z6

Aster (Salt Marsh), Symphyotrichum tenuifolium (Aster

tenuifolius) Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6

Aster (White Flat-Topped), Doellingeria (Aster) umbellata

Z6

Baltic Rush, Juncus arcticus Z6

Barberry (Common), Berberis vulgaris Z6

Barley (Squirrel-tail or Foxtail), Hordeum jubatum Z4

Bayberry (Northern), Myrica pensylvanica (Morella

pensylvanica) Z5

Beach Pea (Japanese), Lathyrus japonicus Z6

Bittersweet (Climbing), Celastrus scandens Z6

Black Grass, Juncus geradii Z4

Carex spp. Z5

Cattail (Narrowleaf), Typha angustifolia Z5, MP, PP

Chokeberry (Black), Aronia melanocarpa Z6

Cinnamon Fern, Osmunda cinnemonea Z6

Cordgrass (Freshwater), Spartina pectinata Z5

Cordgrass (Salt-water), Spartina alterniflora Z2, MP, PP

Cordgrass (Salt Meadow), Spartina patens Z3

Cranberry (American), Vaccinium macrocarpon Z5

Creeping Bent-grass, Agrostis stolonifera Z5

Dodder, Cuscuta gronovii Z6

Dogwood (Alternate-leaved), Cornus alterniflora Z6

Eelgrass, Zostera marina Z1

Glasswort, Salicornia maritima Z2, Z3, MP, PP

Goldenrod (Seaside), Solidago sempervirens Z5

Grass (Widgeon), Ruppia maritima MP

Groundnut, Apios americana Z6

Jewelweed, Impatiens capensis Z6

Marsh-Straw Sedge, Carex hormathodes Z5

Meadow-sweet, Spiraea alba Z5

Milkweed (Swamp), Asclepias incarnata Z6

Milkwort, Glaux maritima MP, PP, Z3

Morning-glory (Wild) or Hedge-bindweed, Calystegia

sepium Z6

Nightshade (Bittersweet), Solanum dulcamara Z6

Orach, Atriplex patula MP, PP, Z3

Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans Z5

Purple Loosestrief, Lythrum salicaria Z6

Quack Grass, Elymus (Agropyron) repens Z5

Raspberry (Red), Rubus spp. Z6

Redtop Grass, Agrostis gigantea Z5, Z3

Red Fescue Grass, Festuca rubra Z5

Red Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum Z5

Reed Bentgrass, Calamagrostis spp. Z5

Reed Grass(Common), Phragmites australis Z5

Rush (Baltic), Juncus arcticus Z5

Rush (Spike), Eleocharis parvula Z3, MP, PP

Rye Grass (Virginia), Elymus virginicus Z5

Salt Marsh Aster, Symphyotrichum (Aster) tenuifolius Z3,

Z5, Z6

Salt Marsh Sand Spurrey, Spergularia salina PP, Z3

Sharp-pointed Three Square, Schoenoplectus pungens

(Scirpus americanus) Z5

Salt Marsh Bulrush, Schoenoplectus (Scirpus) robustus

MP,Z3 ,Z5

Sea Blite (Erect), Suaeda linearis Z2, MP, PP

Sea-Lavender or Marsh Rosemary, Limonium

carolinianum Z3

Sea Milkwort, Glaux maritima PP, Z3

Seaside Plantain, Plantago maritima Z3, MP

Sedge (Chaffy), Carex palaceae Z5

Sedge (Fringed) Carex crinita Z5

Sedge (Marsh-Straw) Carex hormathodes Z5

Silverweed, Argentina anserina (Potentilla) anserina Z3

Sow -thistle, Sonchus asper Z6

Spike Grass or Saltgrass, Distichlis spicata Z3

Star-thistle, Centaurea spp. Z6

Sumac (Staghorn), Rhus typhina Z6

Swamp Rose, Rosa palustris Z6

Sweet-fern, Comptonia peregrina Z6

Sweet Gale, Myrica gale Z5, Z6

Sweet or Vanilla Grass, Hierochloe odorata Z5, Z3

Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum Z6

Twig-rush, Cladium mariscoides Z3

Wheatgrass, Thinopyrum pycnanthum (Agropyron

pungens) Z5

White Flat Topped Aster, Doellingeria (Aster) umbellata

Z6

Wild Morningglory, Calystegia sepium Z6

Winterberry, Ilex verticillata Z6

 

* The location of each salt marsh species is listed after it’s name. Species may live in a particular zone (Z1-6), in marsh pools (MP), or in  marsh pannes (PP)

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Posted January 16, 2011 by zottoli

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